Tuesday, July 23, 2019

Important information for those of you who travel
A strain of malaria resistant to two key anti-malarial medicines has become dominant in Vietnam, Laos and northern Thailand after spreading rapidly from Cambodia, scientists have warned.
Using genomic surveillance to track the spread of drug-resistant malaria, the scientists found that the strain, known as KEL1/PLA1, has also evolved and picked up new genetic mutations that may make it yet more resistant.
A similar resistance to a long-time front-line malaria drug, chloroquine, contributed to millions of deaths across Africa in the 1980s.
Malaria can be successfully treated with medicines if it is caught early enough, but resistance to anti-malarial drugs is growing in many parts of the world, especially in Southeast Asia.
The first-line treatment for malaria in many parts of Asia in the last decade has been a combination of dihydroartemisinin and piperaquine, also known as DHA-PPQ.
Researchers found in previous work that a strain of malaria had evolved and spread across Cambodia between 2007 and 2013.
The latest research, published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal, found it has crossed borders and tightened its grip.

KATHMANDU/NEW YORK, 18 July 2019 (UNICEF) - Heavy rainfall, flooding and landslides across three countries in South Asia – Nepal, India, and Bangladesh – have killed at least 93 children, and put the lives of millions more at risk. UNICEF estimates that more than 12 million people, including about five million children, have been affected.

In India, more than ten million people have been affected across Assam, Bihar, parts of Uttar Pradesh and other north-eastern states, including more than 4.3 million children. As the situation develops these numbers are only likely to increase. 

In Assam alone, almost 2,000 schools have been damaged by floodwaters. Whilst parts of the country have been suffering from heavy rainfall and flooding, other parts are still reeling from the aftermath of severe heat and water deficit, affecting almost half of the country.

Inundation has caused contamination of drinking water across the two states. The situation is made worse as the community is forced to defecate in the open. As the water recedes, new challenges will emerge. Structural damages of houses and schools are expected to be very high, rendering them inhabitable.

Seeds India is providing relief to some areas and welcomes donations.  https://www.seedsindia.org